Within industrial business there can be a lot of safety hazards. Anything from moving equipment, working machines, to fumes can be considered a hazard to human health. Though humans like to assume they are impermeable to industry dangers, fumes can be toxic and cause lasting health issues. When it comes to the oil and gas industry, there are five main gases that pose the most dangerous threats to human health. In this blog we will discuss these gases and explain how to prevent their effects.

Petroleum Gas

Petroleum gas is common in the oil and gas industries. The gas is particularly dangerous because it has traces of toxins, such as benzene, butane, and methane. When it comes to petroleum gases, small traces can cause either short-term or long-term health issues. However, high concentrations of petroleum gas can be fatal to industry workers. In some cases, industry workers have experienced acute toxicity to their nervous systems.
One way to protect your workers from petroleum gas exposure is to purchase specialty breathing apparatus’. Aside from this, you can also invest funds into installing high-quality gas detection instruments. When you purchase leak detection equipment, you can know for sure if your crew is at risk of toxic gas exposure.

Hydrogen Sulfide

In the gas and oil industry, hydrogen sulfide is one of the most deadly gases. Typically this form of gas is called the “sour gas.” Hydrogen sulfide has an unmistakable smell of rotten eggs in small doses. When hydrogen sulfide is in high concentrations, the gas actually loses its smell and becomes completely odorless. Because of this, hydrogen sulfide can be a huge concern in industrial business, especially oil-related businesses.
When a worker has inhaled small traces of hydrogen sulfide, they can feel a large array of symptoms. The most popular symptoms are fatigue, headache, and loss of consciousness.
Though this ‘sour gas’ is extremely toxic, it can be controlled and monitored to protect workers. There are three things you can do to prevent a hydrogen sulfide exposure.

  1. Hydrogen Sulfide Monitor
  2. Respiratory Mask
  3. Engineering Controls

Hydrogen Sulfide Monitor: Companies, such as Titan Zone, offer our customers hydrogen sulfide monitors to help protect workers from toxic gas exposures. By purchasing these systems, you can make sure you’re alerted to a gas leak before any severe damage occurs. Because this type of gas can be deadly and odorless, a monitoring device could save dozens of lives.
Respiratory Mask: When working in any type of industrial business, all workers should have respiratory masks available. Even if they are not at risk for hydrogen sulfide poisoning, extra safety measures are always a good idea.
Engineering Controls: In industrial business, you always want to have a dependable safety protocol in place in case of an incident. If a gas leak ever occurs, you will want to make sure your staff and your place of business is prepared to handle a gas leak. By teaching your staff proper exiting and detection techniques, you can ensure that your business will be able to respond to a gas threat calmly and effectively.

Diesel Exhaust

Much of all industry is powered by diesel engines. When these machines run, they can give off a mixture of gases in the form of exhaust. The issue with diesel exhaust is that it can cause a range of health risks. If your workers are exposed to this cocktail of fumes, they can develop health issues, such as respiratory diseases and lung cancer. Other symptoms include:

• Headaches
• Nausea
• Irritated Eyes and Nose

One way to lower the risk of diesel exhaust exposure is to train your workers to learn the warning signs. For example, workers should be trained to look for black smoke. Black smoke is a sign that the fuel-to-air ratio is unbalanced. Typically, black smoke can mean that an engine is in need of repair. If your workers see black smoke, they should shut the machine off and alert a supervisor. When workers do not guard themselves against black smoke, they can fall victim to diesel exhaust exposure effects.

Mercury Vapor

Mercury in almost all of its forms is a hazard to human health. In its liquid form, mercury can be very dangerous just by touching it. However, in its gaseous form it is at its most deadly.
Mercury is commonly used in industrial businesses, specifically the drilling industry. During drilling operations, mercury can stick to steel pipes. After the fluids have cooled on the pipes, mercury condenses within heat exchangers, valves, and pipes.
Workers can come into contact with the mercury vapor when the pipes are later removed for repairs and maintenance. The vapors can be instantly inhaled and cause major physical and mental issues.
Exposure to this vapor can be very harmful to worker health. With just one exposure, workers can experience long-lasting health issues which include neurological damage, nervous system impairment, and cancerous tumors.
One way to prevent mercury exposure is to assess any piping in your business that could pose a health threat. You also can install materials within your machinery that will not react to mercury and allow it to accumulate in the piping. As a business owner, you can also install monitoring systems that will alert workers if mercury vapor has been detected. By being alerted that the vapor exists, you won’t let your workers accidentally come into contact with the substance.

All Flammable Gases

All flammable gases are toxic, which means they are not only dangerous to inhale, but dangerous to be around in general. Oil and gas industries must constantly be alert about the risks of fires and explosions. Fires not only can be devastating to your business, but can put your workers’ lives at risk. Gas fires are very dangerous not just for their heat, but for how fast they can ignite. That is why having gas detection instruments can be a valuable tool to have at your place of business.
Detection equipment takes little time to install and can prove very useful if there is a leak. If a leak has been found, your workers will be alerted and be able to make it to safety. When gas leaks, something as small as a spark can erupt into a huge fire. By installing a four-gas detection instrument, you will not only have your business protected, but the lives of your workers.

Titan Zone

As an industrial business owner, you have many responsibilities. Though the success of your business is high on your priority list, the well-being of your workers should be your primary concern at all times. Workers in industrial businesses are at risk for many health risks. If they are not looked after by their superiors, they can develop terrible diseases from their day-to-day tasks. This not only is terrible for the reputation of your company, but for you as well. If you do not take the proper precautions to defend your staff from gas leaks, you could face millions of dollars in legal fees later. Protect your interests and protect your workers with gas detection units from Titan Zone. Our company has been working to provide industrial business with the proper safety equipment for years. With our help, you can rest easy knowing you have a dependable monitoring system in place on the chance of a gas leak incident. If you are interested in installing one of our four-gas detector systems, contact Titan Zone today!